Miscarriage is the most common type of pregnancy loss. It usually happens within the first 13 weeks of gestation period but you can miscarry up until the 20th week. If you miscarry after 20 weeks, it’s known as a stillbirth. If you do miscarry before the 20th week, it is referred to as a spontaneous abortion.


Types of Miscarriages

There are five different types of miscarriages a woman can experience. They are:


  • Threatened Miscarriage: This involves uterine bleeding early in the pregnancy.  It’s usually coupled with cramps or lower back pain.  The cervix is closed, and the bleeding is the result of implantation.
  • Incomplete Miscarriage: This involves bleeding accompanied by abdominal or back pain. The cervix is open, and the bleeding and crams will continue if the miscarriage is not complete.
  • Complete Miscarriage: This is when the embryo dies and passes through the uterus. Bleeding, pain, and cramps usually go away pretty quickly afterwards.
  • Recurrent Miscarriage (RM): Three or more consecutive first trimester miscarriages.
  • Missed Miscarriage: This happens without the woman knowing about it. Death occurs but the embryo does not pass through the uterus.


Miscarriage Statistics

Some studies report that miscarriages occur in about 20 % of all pregnancies.However, many women miscarry before they even know they’re pregnant, mistaking the miscarriage for an extra heavy menstrual cycle. Considering this, the rate of miscarriage is likely closer to 60 percent of all pregnancies. Approximately 20 percent of the women who miscarry have recurring miscarriages. Recurring miscarriages affect about one percent of all couples trying to conceive.


Twenty to thirty percent of pregnant women experience some bleeding during the early stages of pregnancy due to implantation. About 50 percent of those cases end in a normal pregnancy. So if you do bleed early on, check with your doctor to make sure everything is fine.


What causes Miscarriage?

There can be number of reasons why miscarriages happen. The most common reason is chromosomal abnormality. Other problems can be due to -

·         Hormonal problems

·         Infections

·         Maternal health problems

·         Lifestyle (smoking, drug use, alcohol, etc.)

·         Maternal age

·         Maternal trauma

·         Ectopic Pregnancy



comments powered by Disqus